Egyptian Fava Beans: Foul

Egyptian fava beans, foul, is a Middle Eastern dish that has a long and rich history, dating back to ancient Egypt. The dish has been enjoyed for centuries, and it is still a staple in many Middle Eastern homes today. Originally a simple peasant dish, foul has evolved over the years to become a beloved comfort food that is enjoyed by people of all backgrounds and social classes.

But wait! If you think there is only one type of foul, you could go to a local restaurant and order your foul dish. You will be in trouble!

In Egypt, you can find many types of fava beans. Even in English, you can find many names of the same dish: foul medames, ful mudammas, or ful/foul. So, here are the most popular foul types that are perfect for breakfast or brunch.

Types of Egyptian Fava Beans, Foul

  • Foul with flaxseed oil or zeet el har: It’s one of the most traditional foul dishes across the Middle East, especially in Egypt. It’s rich and dense. If you are not familiar with such flavors, skip it.
  • Foul with tahini: fava beans stewed with tahini, oh! It’s one of my favorites, especially if it’s soaked with garlic, lemon, and a pinch of cumin. It’s the perfect way to welcome or end a day! Yeah, it seems a lot to be digested, but the flavors will blow your mind!
  • Foul Askandrani (Alexandria foul): I don’t know if this name comes from being originated in Alexandria or if it’s our way as Egyptians to name things. Anyway, foul Askandrani is mixed with veggies like tomatoes, onions, and cucumbers.



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The History and Evolution of Foul in Middle Eastern Cuisine

Over time, foul has spread throughout the Middle East and has become a beloved breakfast staple in countries such as Jordan, Palestine, Syria, Lebanon and so on. This warm and hearty stew is made by cooking fava beans until they are soft and then blending them with lemon juice, olive oil, and chopped chilis. The result is a creamy and flavorful dish that is packed with nutrients.

One of the best things about foul is its versatility. While it is traditionally served for breakfast, it can also be enjoyed as a main course or as a dip with bread or vegetables. In Jordan, it is often topped with tahini, parsley, and diced tomatoes, and served with fresh bread for dipping.

Foul: A Nutritious and Delicious Breakfast Staple in the Middle East

Foul is not only delicious but also nutritious. It is high in protein, fiber, and essential vitamins and minerals, making it a healthy choice for Vegetarians and vegans. So, next time you’re in the Middle East, be sure to try this comforting and flavorful dish that has been enjoyed for centuries.


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